Many mothers already know the benefits of breast milk for infants. But the decision to give exclusive breastfeeding or formula milk is really depends on personal choice of each mother. Although the choice has been determined, it's better for you to understand more about breastfeeding. Today, GoodBabyGuide will give you several facts, guide and tips to make you more understand about breastfeeding.
How to Know the Baby is Old Enough to Eat and Drink?
This is the most common question that every mother usually curious about their baby. To make you understand, read the following guidelines :
- Newborns usually eat 10-14 times a day, each 1 ½ - 3 hours, during the first week. The baby will have periods of cluster feeding (appetite arose over several times in a few hours). This normally happen at midnight to four in the morning or late afternoon to early evening.
- At the age of 3-5 days, your baby has enough to eat if his diaper was changed 5-6 times (disposable diapers) or 7-8 times (cloth diapers). And at least the child defecate 2-5 times per day. It will be yellow and liquid. This condition lasts until the baby is 1 month old.
- In the first weeks, feed the baby as often as possible. If the frequency is increased, every hour in the third week or more, check the weight of your baby to your doctor.
- To know the pattern, you have to pay attention and follow the signal from the baby. No need to rush to set a schedule for your baby. During the first month, the schedule can not be set.
- Frequency of breast-fed babies eating pattern usually more often (3-4 hours) than babies who breast-fed by formula milk. Because breast milk is more easily digested, the baby will hungry faster. You do not need to worry that you will not have enough milk supply, because the more frequent you breastfeeding your baby, the more milk production you will have.
- Do not wait for the full to breast feed. Just breast-feed the baby if there signs of hunger, such as lips or finger sucking, restless, cranky, showing rooting reflex, or turn the heads to look for your breasts. Crying is also one of signs of hunger.
- Even if the baby already eat solid food, American Pediatric Association recommends to continue breastfeeding until the baby is 12 months.
Below is the frequency of breastfeeding :
0-4 months : Frequency of feeding every 1 ½ -3 hours or 8-12 meals per day
4-6 months : 1 teaspoon of cereal plus 1 tablespoon breast milk or formula. Frequency of drinking 4-6 times a day
6-8 months : Breast milk 4-5 times or formula milk 24-32 ounces. 2-3 teaspoons, once a day for starters. Plainly increased to 1 to 2 teaspoons, 2-3 times a day
8-12 months : Breast milk given 3-4 times per day while for formula milk 24-32 ounces. Start to give 1-2 teaspoons of soft food.
Breastfeeding Guide :
- Place the baby's head at the right angle arm and you can use your hand to hold the breast. Align the nipple with the baby's nose. Baby face, stomach and knees towards you. The position of the head will be higher than the body. As soon as the baby smell the milk, your baby will open his mouth.
For young infants, lift the neck slowly. The baby will tilt his body facing your breast when reflexes work.
- The baby's mouth should cover nipples (latch-on). Fix the position by supporting your breasts with hands and help the child to suck. The right position is when nipple and surrounding areola is covered by the baby's mouth. If the baby starts sucking breast milk, focus your attention only to your baby. Turn off the television, radio or telephone and tried to relax. See your baby eye while breastfeeding, talk to him and enjoy this time together.
- If the baby had finished drinking, sleeping and full, remove the nipple by put your clean hands in the corner of your baby mouth. Do not pull your nipple directly, because it can cause pain.
When You Feel Pain in your Nipple
Breastfeeding should be an enjoyable and comfortable experience. However, some breastfeeding mothers feel the pain in the nipple. This problem can be avoided.
Breast nipple usually still soft in the first few days of breastfeeding, but it will be better in 1-2 weeks. What you need to pay attention is when your nipple is blistering, cracking, bleeding and you feel pain before breast-feeding.
If you feel pain, try to give the nipple some air. The use of cosmetics should be avoided because the nipple has a natural protective form of sweat and sebaceous glands of the skin. Commercial drug should be used only if the nipples are cracked pretty badly. Choose medicine that contain natural composition.
Avoid using lanolin or vaseline because there may have been contaminated. Vitamin E that is removed directly from the capsule is a better choice. Clean the nipple without soap or other cleaning fluid, just with water and damp towel.
Choosing a Nursing Bra
About a month, or at least three months before the birth of the baby, you can buy a nursing bra. The mistake that many pregnant woman usually do is buying a nursing bra in the middle of pregnancy and use it as a nursing bras until breastfeeding period.
Along with the preparation for breastfeeding, breast weight can be two times heavier than normal breast weight. If the nursing bra size is too small, this will cause discomfort. In addition, the use of bra with size that doesn't fit can cause infections such as mastitis (an infection of the mammary glands in the breast).
- Choose a bra that has wider sides and the support straps to give good support for the breast
- Choose a bra with hook more than one so it that can be adapted to the size of the breast circumference. Bra with hooks at the front usually can not be resized.
- Choose a bra that is made from 100 percent cotton. It is softer and easier to absorb sweat
- Make sure you always measure cup size and breast circumference to determine the right size.