If you watch Downton Abbey film, then you will notice that Sybil (Jessica Brown-Findlay), the daughter of Lord Grantham died because of eclampsia, the most serious form of preeclampsia. Based on WHO statistic, Eclampsia is one of major causes of maternal deaths. Eclampsia is an convulsions that happen during pregnancy. This is an acute complication of pregnancy that can endanger the life of the mother and baby. It's usually characterized by the appearance of tonic-clonic seizures, usually in a patient who has developed pre-eclampsia. Eclampsia is also known as hypertensive disorder or toxemia. This condition is very dangerous, because a woman who have it usually doesn't feel sick. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 10 percent women will develop preeclampsia and about 1 percent of them will develop the more serious eclampsia.
Like preeclampsia, Eclampsia tends to occur more commonly in first pregnancies. Eclampsia usually occurs in young pregnant woman and pregnant woman that age more than 35 years old with history of diabetes, high blood pressure, or kidney disease. To identify eclampsia, there are some symptoms that usually occurs, such as :
- Nausea and vomiting
- Muscles aches
- Severe agitation
- Cortical Blindness
- Abdominal Pain
Actually, there is no particular treatment that proven to be effective to overcome eclampsia. The only way to cure preeclampsia is to deliver the baby. What your doctor can do is by carefully monitor your condition if there some signs of worsening eclampsia. Medicine that usually used is anticonvulsants (Magnesium sulfate). This medicine is used to prevent seizures.
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