Have you ever heard about hyperemesis gravidarum? These words suddenly become popular due to the news of Kate Middleton's pregnancy that could lead to condition that called as hyperemesis gravidarum. What is hyperemesis gravidarum? Based on Wikipedia, hyperemesis gravidarum is a severe, debilitating nausea and vomiting in pregnancy that generally leads to more than 5 percent weight loss and may require fluid and nutritional supplement. So it means that you have a severe nausea in your pregnancy and it cause your weight decrease more than 1-2 pounds. If this condition happen, you must immediately go to your doctor. HG needs specialist treatment, sometimes in hospital. Because it can lead to dehydration, malnutrition and a lot of complications that will endanger the expectant mother and the baby. This condition is rarely happen in pregnant woman. But there are some cases in some country, that there are some pregnant woman who experience this. Based on statistic, it's happen around 1 in 200 women.
Symptoms of Hyperemesis Gravidarum
So how to differentiate common morning sickness and hyperemesis gravidarum? Below are several signs and symptoms of hyperemesis gravidarum :
- Prolonged and Severe Nausea
- Loss weight more than 5 % of total weight
- Dehydration, causing a serious condition that is caused by a raised number of ketones in the blood
- Physical and emotional stress that could lead to depression
- Feel hungry and fatigue
- Sensitive to certain smell
Hyperemesis gravidarum usually occurs in the beginning of second trimester of pregnancy. This condition will cause you loss a lot of fluid from your body. So if it really severe, then you must immediately go to doctor for treatment. Tell all your condition to the doctor, so that doctor can give you appropriate treatment based on your condition.